Home > Pyraloidea > Crambidae > Crambinae Latreille, 1810 > CHILO Zincken, 1817

Chilo infuscatellus Snellen, [1890]; PED 5

  • Taxonomy

    The holotype of Chilo infuscatellus Snellen, 1890 from Java, is in the Leiden Museum.

    syn. Argyria sticticraspis Hampson, 1919: 449. TL India (Madras) , syn n. (Kapur, 1950: 444);

    syn. Argyria coniorta Hampson, 1919: 449. TL India (Bihar) syn. n. (Fletcher 1928: 58);

    syn. Diatraea calamina Hampson, 1919: 544. TL Upper Burma; (Kinyua), syn n. (Kapur, 1950: 444);

    syn. Diatraea shariinensis Eguchi, 1933: 3,19. TL Korea (Shariin), syn n. (Kapur, 1950: 444);

    syn. Chilo tadzhikiellus Gerasimov, 1949: 704. TL Tadzhikistan, syn. n. (Bleszynski, 1965: 111);

    syn. Chilotraea infuscatellus Kapur, 1950: 402.

    Stat. rev. to Chilo (Bleszynski, 1965)

  • Description

    Wing length: 12mm (male) and 20mm (female). The male has a brownish FW with blackish streaking and two small central spots. The females are more yellowish buff with black spotting on the veins subtermenally. In both sexes the HW are white, shining white in the male and more yellowish in the females. Wing-span 25-40mm. Larvae <20mm long, white and mottled with brown when fully grown. More information in Bleszinski & Collins (1962).

    Rao & Nagaraja (1965) give detailed descriptions of all stages of Chilo auricilia, C. polychysa, C. suppressalis and C. partellus.

    No Bornean specimen seen.

  • Distribution & Habitat

    Tajikistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Borneo, Indonesia (Java), New Guinea, Korea, Japan.

  • Life History & Pest Status

    The ‘yellow top borer’. Eggs c. 240, scale-like, overlapping, laid in 3-5 rows in masses of 4-100. Larvae hatch after 3-8 days. Larvae pupate after 22-45 days. Adults emerge after a pupation of 6-18 days.

    A serious pest of Saccharum officinarum, S. spontaneum & S. fuscum, (sugar cane) Graminaceae: larvae feed on the central whorl of leaves, which dries up forming a dead heart. Crop yields can fall by 70% in cases of heavy infestation. Also a pest of Andropogon sorghum (sorghum), Oryza sativa, (rice). Also feeds on Parapholis filiformis = Rottboellia compressa (Poaceae).

    The internal feeding larvae attack all stages of the plant.

    Kapur (1964) considered its exact identification there as a rice stem borer was in doubt although it was undoubtedly a pest of sugar cane in India..

  • Similar spp.

    no content available.

  • Unrelated Look-alikes

    no content available.

  • References

    Bleszynski, S (1965) In Amsel, H. G., Gregor, F. & Reisser, H., Microlepid. Palaearct. 1: 29 230, figs.

    Eguchi, M. (1933) Biological studies on Diatraea shariinensis Eguchi, J. Agric. exp. Sta. Govt. -Gen. Chosen., 19: 1-20.

    Gerasimov, A. M., (1949) Description of the pyralid Chilo tadzhikiellus Gerasimov and of the noctuid Sesamia cretica striata Stgr.; injurious to sugar-cane in Tadzhikistan [in Russian]. Trud. zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 8: pp.700-713, 9 figs.

    Hampson, G.F. (1919b) Descriptions of new Pyralidae of the subfamilies Crambinae and Siginae, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3 Ser. 9, (17) 44: 437-457.

    Kapur, A.P. (1950) Trans. Roy. ent. Soc. Lond., 101 (11): 408.

    Snellen, P.C.T. (1890) Meded. Proefst. SuikRiet, W. Java ‘Kagok’ 1890: 94, pl. 1, figs. 5-8.

    Rao, V.P. & Nagaraja, H. (1965) A Comparative Study of the four species of paddy stem-borers belonging to the Genus Chilotraea and Chilo in Asia (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Crambinae, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 63: 175-217.

  • Genitalia

    no content available.

  • DNA Barcode

    no content available.

  • 3D Imaging

    no content available.

  • Spare

    no content available.

(1) Taxonomy, (2) Description, (3) Distribution & Habitat, (4) Life History & Pest Status, (5) Similar spp., (6) Unrelated Look-alikes, (7) References, (8) Genitalia, (9) DNA Barcode, (10) 3D Imaging, (11) Spare