Home > Pyraloidea > Crambidae > Crambinae Latreille, 1810 > CHILO Zincken, 1817

Chilo polychrysa Meyrick, [1932]; PED 5

  • Taxonomy

    The holotype of Diatraea polychrysa, Meyrick, 1932: 321 is from W. Malaysia.

  • Description

    Wing length: 11mm. The ominously named ‘dark-headed rice borer’. The ochreous FW is strongly but variably patterned with darker patches and small black submarginal spots and a silvery submarginal fasciae. The HW is yellowish white. Females are slightly larger and paler than the males. (RTS, 1994: 163). Kapur (1964) fig. 2 gives illustrations of wing venation and Rao & Nagaraja (1965) give detailed descriptions of all stages of Chilo auricilia, C. polychysa, C. suppressalis and C. partellus.

  • Distribution & Habitat

    India (Assam), Thailand, W. Malaysia, Sabah, Indonesia, China (Hong Kong), Australia (NT, Tas).

  • Life History & Pest Status

    A serious pest of rice in W. Malaysia and parts of India. Eggs are laid in batches of 20-150 in longitudinal rows on both upper and lower surfaces of the leaf. A female can lay <500 eggs. The larvae hatch after 4-7 days and can attack all stages of the rice plant. Young plants are killed and the larvae move to other stems. The pupae are formed within the stems and adults emerge after less than a week. Up to twelve overlapping generations in a year depending on climate and availability of food plants (Heinrichs & Aguda,1994; Heinrichs 1995).

    Feeds in stems of many Poaceae and also Cyperaceae: Cyperus digitatus, Scirpus spp. (Cyperaceae), Echinochloa crus-galli, Eriochloa procera (millets), Hymenachne amplexicaulis, Oryza latifolia, Oryza minuta, Oryza sativa, Saccharum officinarum, Sacciolepis myosuroides, Sorghum spp., Zea mays (Poacea).

  • Similar spp.

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  • Unrelated Look-alikes

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  • References

    Kapur, A.P. (1964) taxonomy of Rice Borers, In Major Insect Pests of the Rice Plant. Proceedings of a symposium at the International Rice Research Institute Sept. 14-18 1964 International Rice Research Institute, John Hopkins Pess, Baltimore, Maryland.

    Meyrick, E. (1930-1936), Exot. Microlepidopt. 4, 1-642, privately published, [Taylor & Francis], London.

    Rao, V.P. & Nagaraja, H. (1965) A Comparative Study of the four species of paddy stem-borers belonging to the Genus Chilotraea and Chilo in Asia (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Crambinae, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 63: 175-217.

    RTS (1994): 163, pl. 27, fig. 10.

  • Genitalia

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  • DNA Barcode

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  • 3D Imaging

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  • Spare

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(1) Taxonomy, (2) Description, (3) Distribution & Habitat, (4) Life History & Pest Status, (5) Similar spp., (6) Unrelated Look-alikes, (7) References, (8) Genitalia, (9) DNA Barcode, (10) 3D Imaging, (11) Spare